Malmo Sweden City Facts
One side of my ancestry came from this region in Sweden. I have visited
there three or four times. It is an area of great beauty.
A city of southern Sweden on the Oresund opposite Copenhagen. An important
trade and shipping center during the Hanseatic period, it passed from Denmark
to Sweden in 1658. Population: 261,000.
, city (1990 pop. 223,660), capital of Malmöhus co., S Sweden, on the Øresund
Sweden's third largest city, it is a major naval and commercial port and an
industrial center. Manufactures include textiles, clothing, metal goods,
processed food, and cement. There are also shipyards and machine shops.
Founded in the 12th cent., Malmö was an important trade and shipping center
during the Hanseatic period. It was usually a Danish possession until it
passed to Sweden in 1658 with Skåne prov. Malmöhus castle (begun 1434) is
a museum. Other noteworthy buildings include the city hall (1546) and St.
Peter's Church (14th cent.). It is connected by a bridge and tunnel link
(opened 2000) to Copenhagen.
The telephone dialing code for: Malmo, Sweden
The country code is : 46
Note: click on a word meaning below to see its connections and
The noun Malmo has one meaning:
#1: a port in southern Sweden
is the third largest municipality
in Sweden. It is located in the southernmost province of Scania
and has a population of about 270,000.
Malmö was one of the earliest and most industrialized
towns of Scandinavia
but has been struggling with unemployment
and the adaption to post-industrialism.
Recently it has made a transition to a more cultural city, and has become
Sweden's most multi-ethnic city with 24% of the population born abroad,
urban area consists of Malmö and the adjacent tiny municipality of Burlöv.
and the vastly greater Metropolitan
Copenhagen in Denmark,
forms the center of the Oresund
Region that has a total population of 3,500,000 inhabitants. To some
Danes, Malmö has become the most recent suburb of Copenhagen.
Malmö is held to have been founded in 1254,
the year of Copenhagen's
privileges, or in the immediately following years, as the archbishop's
or ferry berth,
St Petri Church in Malmö
Around 1290, construction on the St Petri Church began. It was the first
Gothic church to be built in Sweden. Similar red brick churches can be found
around the coastal regions of both Sweden and Germany (for example in Ystad,
Landskrona and Rostock), and were inspired by the German sea merchants, the Hansa,
who played a major part in the economical growths around the Sound. Red
bricks were used instead of stone, due to its scarcity in the area, and the
color comes from the bedrock and the means the bricks were fabricated.
Malmö in 1580 from a German map book. The German name Elbogen,
elbow, indicates the shape of Malmö coastal line.
In the ensuing century, Malmö and Copenhagen would rise in economic
importance, and until this day this pattern has persisted. Despite Lund (and
to lesser degree Roskilde)
being culturally of much greater importance, Malmö and Copenhagen have been
centers for industrious and economic success. The disunity between the
burghers of Lund and Malmö has remained a fundamental characteristic, the
former relying on tradition the latter on modernity and adaption. Malmö
was, for instance, a leading hanseatic
town during the decades of the Hansa's dominance in the region, and leading
the process of Protestant
Reformation in Denmark of the 1530s.
Also after the secession to Sweden, in 1658,
Malmö has kept this role.
Malmöhus Castle, now housing
The first fortification was erected at the site of Skeppsbron and
Malmö Central Station, first hinted at in unfriendly diplomatic
correspondence between the king and the archbishop in March 1256, but Malmö's
growth gave in 1434
reason to the erection of a new citadel
at the beach south of the town. The new fortress, Malmöhus, was
completed in the mid-16th century and continued to play an essential role
after the secession to Sweden — now as a part of the defense system
against the Danes. During 1828–1914 the building was re-used as a prison,
and since the 1930s it's housed Malmö museum.
The city arms were granted in 1437
by King Eric
of Pomerania. The arms of Pomerania is argent with a griffin gules,
which gave the griffin's head to Malmö. The coat of arms for the city is
similar to the arms of the province of Scania
and Skåne County, although they actually depict different animals, besides
differing in colors. Blazon: "Argent, a Griffin's head erased Gules,
Malmö city hall, Rådhuset, built in 1546
at Stortorget ("the Big Square"),
although the facade is from the 1860s.
Malmö is part of the transnational Oresund
Region and since 2000 the Oresund
Bridge crosses the Oresund
strait to Copenhagen.
The bridge was inaugurated July 1, 2000, and measures 8 kilometres, with
pylons reaching 204.5 metres vertically. The bridge has put in question the
existence of ferries
to Copenhagen, that since Malmö's foundation in the 12th century have been
a matter of course.
Malmö, as the southern hub of the Swedish railway system and the
western hub of the Scanian commuter train system, has excellent train
connections. A night train line to Berlin,
by ferry over the Baltic,
has been in traffic since 1909.
In March of 2005, digging began on a new railroad connection called
Citytunneln (The City Tunnel). The tunnel will run from under Malmö Central
to Hyllievång (Hyllie Meadow), where it will emerge to connect with the
Oresund Bridge, effectively changing Malmö Central from an end station to a
through station. A new stop will also be built at Triangeln (The Triangle),
an important square in the city surrouned by shopping, housing, and cultural
attractions. At the emergence of the tunnel in Hylievång, a new shopping
centre, sports hall, and hotel are to be built.
Beside the Copenhagen Airport, Malmö is also served by the Malmö-Sturup
Airport that chiefly is used for low-cost
flight routes, and domestic Swedish destinations.
Major bike roads in red, major parks and beaches in green.
Malmö is sometimes referred to as the city of parks ("parkernas
stad"), the largest two being Pildammsparken and Kungsparken,
the long beaches, and a longtime tradition of decorating the city with
plants and flowers of the season.
Biking is a popular means of transport, since Malmö is a city virtually
without altitude differences and since the snow season is usually brief. A
continuous network of bike roads, in intersections often with right of
precedence over for cars, has in recent decades been a priority beside the
rather extensive public
transport system. The trolley
cars were however abolished in 1973.
A Swedish deregulation of taxicabs
in the 1990's turned out particularly advantageous for Malmö. The supply of
cabs is good, and most operate to low fixed fares, usually arriving within
three–four minutes if requested by phone, which is the most convenient.
For tourists, however, it's advisable to compare prices.
The economy of Malmö was traditionally based on shipbuilding (Kockums
AB) and construction related industries, such as concrete factories. The
region's leading university, with associated hi-tech and pharmaceutical
industry, is located in nearby Lund.
As a result, Malmö had a troubled economic situation following the
mid-1970s. However, during the last few years there has been a revival.
Contributing factors have been the economic integration brought about by the
bridge, the university founded in 1998,
and effects of integration into the European
According to Dansk
Folkeparti and domestic talk
radio personalities, Malmö's 1970s-build low-status outer
neighbourhoods, typically exemplified by Rosengård
("Rose Garden"), are ghettos
boiling with gangs and riots. Fox
News in 2004 exemplified with Malmö to demonstrate the danger of Muslim
immigration to Europe (http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,139614,00.html).
The municipality of Malmö and the state of Sweden invest proportionally
large sums on schools and other forms of social
welfare in these quite segregated
Malmö has a variety of both public and private schools. One of the most
notable private schools is Bladins, with an impeccable reputation and huge
waiting lists. Malmö Borgarskola is the largest high school in the city,
also holding the renowned IB school, one of the best in the World, rivaling
that of London, Paris and New York.
Malmö has the country's eighth largest teaching site (Malmö Högskola)
established in 1998,
with 1,300 employees and 21,000 students (as
of 2003). Also the Lund
University (established in 1666)
has some education located to Malmö.
The Maritime University is one of the best universities of it's kind,
had holds a variety of students from all over the world..
Sites of interest
The city is gaining in popularity as a tourist destination. It retains
much historical charm with an "old town" section filled with small
shops. Malmö also offers a late-medieval castle, housing a small city
museum and a fairly large art gallery.
Nightlife and music scene are mainly centered around two places: Lilla
Torg ("Little Square")
is encircled by trendy pubs
and upmarket night clubs, while the district of Möllevången
("the Mill Meadow") houses hang-outs for artists and good
opportunities for live music.
In August each year a festival, Malmöfestivalen, fills the
streets of Malmö with different kinds of cuisines and events, along with
Västra Hamnen (The Western Harbour) used to be the location for heavy
industry but in 2001 it was rebuilt as a neighbourhood of exclusive
apartments, including those in the Turning
Torso. The tower is a spectacular twisting skyscraper of 190 metres (623
feet). Its siluette can be seen from anyhwere in Malmö. It is the second
highest residential building in Europe. The long boardwalk at the beach has
become a new favourite summer hang-out for the people of Malmö and is a
popular place for bathing.
The beach of Ribersborg is situated close to the city centre and is a
shallow beach, stretching along Malmö's coast line. It is the site of Ribergsborgs
an open air bath, where the people of Malmö go swimming all year round.
An extension of the city library was finished in 2000, called the Light
Hall, its wall are almost entire made up of glass panels.
The Old Cemetery (Gamla Kyrkogården), established in 1819 and
today right in the city center, appalled William
S. Burroughs when he visited Malmö briefly in the 1950s. In The
Naked Lunch he notes that the city was dreadful since he could not
find any open bar or cinema; thus there was nothing to do except staying in
the hotel room, waiting for the ferry back to Copenhagen.
This was asserted by several other visitor to Malmö during the last
decades, but today the image has changed, thanks to an opera house, several
theaters, the connection to Copenhagen, and the closure of the old ship
The inaugruration of Malmö Högskola has attracted many students,
and the lack of apartments for students in the studying at the nearby Lund
University has also forced students to settle in Malmö.
The best known football
(soccer) team in Malmö is Malmö
FF who play in the top division Allsvenskan.
They had their period of glamour in the 70's and 80's, when they won the
league on a number of occasions. In 1979 the advanced to the finals of what
is know UEFA
Champions League. The 90's brought them nothing but difficulties, and
one year they were degraded one division. However, several of the otherwise
"problematic" immigrants have proved to be golden geeses for the
team. The in Sweden record-sum at the sale of Zlatan
Ibrahimovic has allowed the team to spend on acquiring other players, as
well as allowing more immigrants into the team, noting how well the
multi-ethnicity works on the field. And in 2004, they won the Allsvenskan
for the first time in 15 years.
The second most notable team is Malmö
Redhawks, in ice
hockey. They were the creation of a millionaire and quickly rose to the
highest rank in the 90's.
People connected to Malmö
Jacques Werup (1945–)
poet, author, jazz musician
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Translations for: Malmo
n. - מאלמו
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