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Paris France City Facts

For the year of 1965 I lived in this magnificent city. Then on numerous repeat visits I have the same view. The typical reaction by Americans is that they do not like France. Well, not me. I love France. It is one fantastic place. Just because the leaders of the country have a different approach to the world view than many, including me, I even differ with leaders in my own country from time to time. So I say to anyone who thinks poorly of France, consider the source and get over it.

The movie, "The Art of Love" was filmed in Paris when I was there. If you ever see it listed on television, watch it. It is not available on VHS video at this time.

 

 

Now on to a little history of this magnificent city. SOURCE

Paris is more than 2,000 years old. Gauls of the Parisii tribe settled there between 250 and 200 BC and founded a fishing village on an island in the river that is the present-day Ile de la Cité -- the center around which Paris developed.

Drawing of ancient BastilleKnown as Lutetia (Lutece) in ancient times, Paris was conquered by Julius Caesar in 52 BC, and existed as a regional center under the Romans and in the early Middle Ages. In 987, HUGH CAPET, Count of Paris, became king of France, and under his successors, the CAPETIANS, the city's position as the nation's capital became established. Often characterized as spirited and rebellious, the people of Paris first declared themselves an independent commune under the leadership of Etienne Marcel in 1355-58. The storming of the Bastille in 1789 was the first of a series of key actions by the Parisian people during the FRENCH REVOLUTION. Paris also played a major role in the revolutions of 1830 and 1848. In 1871, during the FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR , the city was besieged for four months until France surrendered. 7 Ponts - Seine RiverAfter German troops withdrew, French radicals briefly established the COMMUNE OF PARIS. During World War I the Germans were prevented from reaching Paris, but they occupied the city during World War II from 1940 to 1944. Paris was again the scene of violence during the student riots of 1968.

Paris today maintains its importance, character, and charm, though its appearance is being transformed by structures such as the BEAUBOURG and by the ambitious grands projets building program carried out under the presidency of François Mitterrand. In addition to the La Défense arch and the Bastille Opéra, Mitterrand's projects have included the renovation of the Louvre by architect I. M. Pei, the La Villette complex on the northeastern edge of the city, and, in the southeast, the Bibliothèque de France, a great computer-age library.

Planning for Paris and the Paris Basin region includes consideration of large land areas in the Seine River valley all the way to the mouth of the river. New towns, parks, industrial locations, and expanded functions of existing towns are contemplated for this corridor on both sides of the Seine.

Lawrence M. Sommers
Source: The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, Release #8, ©1996
Bibliography: Chelminski, Rudolph, Paris (1977); Couperie, Pierre, Paris through the Ages, trans. by Marilyn Low (1971); Evenson, Norma, Paris (1979); Flanner, Janet, Paris Journal, 2 vols. (1966-71) and Paris Was Yesterday, 1925-39 (1972); Roche, Daniel, The People of Paris (1987); Seigel, Jerrold, Bohemian Paris (1987); Thomson, David, Renaissance Paris (1984).

 

 

CLICK HERE FOR A
CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF PARIS

 

 

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

 

 

Paris, Capital of Europe:
From the Revolution
to the Belle Epoque

 

"An absorbing and intimate history of the City of Lights. Carefully tracing the evolution of the metropolis, Willms demonstrates how political, economic, and cultural currents converged to make Paris the "capital of Europe."

-- KIRKUS REVIEWS

 

Paris - Capital of Europe

 

by Johannes Willms, Eveline L. Kanes (Translator)

List: $40.00
Our Price:
$40.00 (this title is not discounted)
Availability: On order; usually ships within 1-2 weeks.
Hardcover
Published by Holmes & Meier, Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: March 1997
ISBN: 0841912459

 

DiscoverFrance.net

 

 

More recommended reading:

A History of Europe
by J.M. Roberts, 1998, The Penguin Press, New York.

A History of Modern France
Volume 1, 1715-1799
by Alfred Cobban, 1990, Penguin Books, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland.

A History of Modern France
Volume 2, 1799-1871
by Alfred Cobban, 1965, Penguin Books, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland (out-of-stock).

Festivals and the French Revolution
by Mona Ozouf, translated by Alan Sheridan, 1991, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

The Great Cat Massacre
and Other Episodes in French Cultural History
by Robert Darnton, 1984, Basic Books, Inc., published by Random House, Inc., New York.

Napoleon and Paris
30 Years of History
by Maurice Guerrini, translated by Mardery Weiner, 1970, Cassell & Co. Ltd., London, printed by Ebenezer Baylis & Son, Ltd., The Trinity Press, Worcester and London, England (out-of-print).

The National Geographic Traveler - France
by Rosemary Bailey, 1999, National Geographic Society, printed by R.R. Donnelley & Sons, Willard, Ohio.
Exploding with National Geographic's signature photography, this book is one in a lush new series of guides from the folks whose magazines have instilled wanderlust in multiple generations of travelers. The France guide features insightful essays on history, culture, and contemporary life in France, as well as walking and driving tours. For serious explorers, there are detailed floor-plan sketches of important sites such as Notre Dame and Versailles. Other user-friendly touches range from color-coded regional sections to quick-reference visitor information (hours, fees, telephone, etc.) listed in side columns with keys to associated maps.
-- Kathryn True

Paris In the Terror:
June 1793 - July 1794
by Stanley Loomis, 1964, J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia and New York (out-of-print).

Paris In the Third Reich
A History of the German Occupation, 1940-1944
by David Pryce-Jones, 1981, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York (out-of-print).

Paris Was Yesterday
1925-1939
by Janet Flanner, edited by Irving Drutman, 1972, The Viking Press, Inc., New York (out-of-print).

Passport's Illustrated Travel Guide to Paris
3rd Edition, by Elizabeth Morris, 1996, Passport Books, division of NTC Publishing Group, Chicago.

Pleasures of the Belle Epoque
Entertainment & Festivity in Turn of the Century France
by Charles Rearick, 1985, Yale University Press, printed by Murray Printing Co., Westford, Massachusetts.

The Women of Montparnasse
by Morrill Cody with Hugh Ford, ©1984, Rosemont Publishing and Printing Corp., printed by Cornwall Books, Cranbury, New Jersey (out-of-print).

 

 

Paris moves
Like all the world's great capitals, Paris lives at a fast pace, by day, by night and especially at rush hours. Bear in mind that museums and monuments are often less crowded during the week.

Paris quarters
Paris is divided into 20 arrondissements that spiral out like a snail shell from the first, centered around the Louvre, of which certain quarters (Montmartre, Montparnasse, the Marais) are real villages within the city. The arrondissement of any Paris address is indicated at the end of its postal code: 75001 is the first arrondissement, 75006 the sixth.

The traditional separation of Paris into Left and Right Bank, between the world of business and the world of culture, is no longer valid. Granted, the Left Bank still groups most of the Universities and the famous Paris arts cafés at Saint-Germain-des-Prés (Café de Flore, Les Deux Magots) but today the Right Bank also has many addresses closely linked to the arts - as proved by the many events and productions at Bastille, Belleville and Ménilmontant especially.

Culture capital
Paris, world capital of art and culture, gathers some of the most famous museums and monuments in the world.

Not to be missed: The Louvre and the Musée d'Orsay. Visit any of the many others according to your tastes and interests: the Musée Picasso, Musée Rodin, Musée Carnavalet, Musée Marmottan and the Arab Institute are just a few.

Essential Paris monuments: the Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame cathedral, the Arc de Triomphe or the Grande Arche de la Défense.

"Paris is a real ocean. Wander through it, describe it as you may, there will always remain an undiscovered place, an unknown retreat, flowers, pearls, monsters, something unheard of.

 

With its history and architectural patrimony, Paris is living, moving and evolving every day.

A historic, economical, architectural, cultural, artistic and academic capital, Paris understandably remains the most visited city in the world.

Cleaner air
France is more and more concerned with environmental issues and fights actively against air pollution. Special measures are taken on days of peak pollution. On alternating days, only cars with number plates ending in an odd - or an even - number are allowed to take to the roads on days with high pollution levels. Public transport is free on these days and many people move about by bike.

The Paris Ile-de-France Tourist Information Center,

located in the Carrousel du Louvre, invites you to discover the capital of France and its surrounding region - the Ile-de-France, with its beautiful countryside, magnificent châteaux, river and canal cruises, gastronomic delights...

You will get all the information you need on transportation, accommodations, museums, tours, leisure activities and special events. Let us book your hotels and arrange your excursions. You can also buy transportation tickets and packages, as well as the Carte Musées Monuments, which gives you free access to 70 museums and monuments in Paris and the Ile-de-France.

Paris Ile-de-France Tourist Information Center
"Espace du Tourisme"
Place de la Pyramide Inversée,
Le Carrousel du Louvre
(Postal address: 99 rue de Rivoli)
75001 Paris
Tel: 33 1 44 50 19 98, Fax: 33 1 44 50 19 99
or visit their web site at:
www.paris-ile-de-france.com

The Paris Tourist Office
Wondering how to organize your stay in Paris? In need of information or a map? Want to make a hotel or theatre booking? The staff of the Paris Tourist Office are there to help you plan a successful stay and will answer all your questions. Contact them as soon as you arrive.

Office de Tourisme et des Congrès de Paris
Main Office of the Paris Tourist & Convention Bureau:
127, avenue des Champs Elysées (8th arrondissement)
Métro: Charles-de-Gaulle–Etoile, George V
Tel. 08 36 68 31 12 - Fax 01 49 52 53 00
www.paris-touristoffice.com

 

The best way to get around Europe is a train pass. I know. I have visited Europe more than twenty times. I never rented a car. The trains of Europe are fantastic. And a bargain as well,

Read about my suggestions for what I can EurailHotel to save money. Click HERE.

For more than 60 years, Rail Europe has been showing North Americans what Europeans have known all along: the best way to travel in Europe is on the trains!  Find information about Eurail passes, Point to point tickets and high speed trains like the TGV and Eurostar (the channel tunnel train)! Click this button for more details on this excellent travel tool.

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If you eventually do plan to go to Europe, here are some tips I offer to help you have a great time.

 
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