Salzburg
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Saltzburg Austria City Facts

The hills are alive. The Sound of Music was filmed in this area of Auystria. If you have ever wanted to sail across the top of a grass cxovered hill, this is the place to do it. My wife and I visited this area on our honeymoon. The bus ride to the film locations was fantastic.

 

 

Salzburg in Austria, birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Salzburg


The birth of the town Salzburg can be set in the year 696 when the missionary St. Rubert arrived and founded the Benedictine Monastery of St. Peters. The town merged into an independent church state, ruled by a sovereign, the Archbishop. He was not only the spiritual leader but possessed also worldly powers. Its organisation was Vatican-like and Salzburg was not called the "Rome of the North" by accident.

Located between the two mountains Kapuzinerberg and Mönchsberg and the River Salzach it is a picturesque city with small alleys, quaint colorful town homes, rich castles and palaces, neat gardens and a high density of churches and monasteries.



The Fortress of Hohensalzburg, a 900 year old building you cannot overlook, is considered to be the best-preserved Medieval Fortress throughout Europe.

St. Sebastian is the city's most impressive church, built in the Gothic style, with a well-tended cemetery. The city of Salzburg lays proof of the wealth and power of the Archbishop and the Catholic Church and is a home to approximately 150.000 inhabitants today.

Salzburg is also a city of music. It was the home and birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the memorial on the Mozart place is honouring this city's famous son. Nevertheless was Salzburg also a very popular stop for musicians from around the world, due the Archbishops' traditional keenness for music. This state has not changed through the centuries. Today Salzburg is known for its annual Festival (Salzburger Festspiele), which offers a variety of operas, concerts and theatre plays, reaching from classical to contemporary styles. The city is also a very popular place to get a decent musical or theatrical education and so many students from around the world enrol to one of the different schools offered in Salzburg every year.

Salzburg in Austria, birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus MozartSalzburg in Austria, birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

 

 

 

 

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___Austria

A virtual travel guide to Austria. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Austria's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this country, e.g.: official web sites of Austria, addresses of Austrian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accomodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Austria.


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Official Sites :: Map :: News :: Culture :: Business :: Country Guides :: Education :: History :: Search :: Additional Links


Austria | Österreich | Autriche


Country Profile


Flag of Austria
Flag of Austria

Background:
Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies, Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal.
Neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet collapse of 1991 and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs.
A prosperous country, Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland

 


where in Europe is Austria

Official Name: Republik Österreich
short form: Österreich
int'l long form: Federal Republic of Austria
int'l short form: Austria

ISO Country Code: at
Actual Time: Wed-Aug-24  22:36
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) 27 March - 30 October (UTC +2)

Capital City: Wien (Vienna) (2003 pop. 1.5 million)

Other Cities:
Bregenz
The City of Bregenz
Graz
The City of Graz
Innsbruck
The City of Innsbruck
Klagenfurt
The City of Klagenfurt
Linz
The City of Linz
Salzburg
City of Salzburg
Salzburg
Tourist information Salzburg.

Government:
Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).

Geography:
Location: Central Europe
Area: 83,145 sq. km. (32,377 sq. mi.) Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).

Climate: Continental temperate.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
Population (2003): 8,032,926. Ethnic groups: Germans 98%, Croats, Slovenes; other recognized minorities include Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5, no confession 12.0%.
Language: German 92%.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.

Agriculture products: Drains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.

Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.

Exports partners: Germany 31.9%, Italy 9.6%, Switzerland 5.2%, USA 4.9%, France 4.8%, UK 4.7% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 43.2%, Italy 6.7%, Hungary 5.4%, Switzerland 5%, Netherlands 4.2% (2003)

Currency: Euro (EUR)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Austria

Der Bundespräsident der Republik Österreich
The Austrian Federal President.

Republik Österreich
The Federal Republic of Austria.

Bundeskanzleramt Republik Österreich
The Federal Chancellery.

oesterreich.at
The Austrian e-government portal (in German)


Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
The Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, New York
Austria's representation to the UN.
The Austrian Embassy in Ottawa
Canada.
Austrian representations Abroad
LIst of Austrian representations Abroad (in German)
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Austria
List of Foreign representations in Austria (in German)


Statistics
Statistik Austria
Statistical Office Austria. (in German)


Weather
Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG)
Central Institute of Meteorology and Geodynamics.


Maps
Austrian Map online
Maps and City search.
Vienna City Map
Searchable city map of Vienna.
Map of Austria
Political map of Austria.
to Map of Europe
Political map of Europe.
 


Austrian News
Austrian Press & Information Service
Austrian related news and information.
APA - Austria Presse Agentur
The Austrian Press Agency (in German).
Kurier Online
News from Austria (in German).
Die Presse
National and international news (in German).
Salzburger Nachrichten
National and international news (in German).
Der Standard
National and international news (in German).
Wiener Zeitung
National and international news from Vienna with "Amtsblatt", the Offical newspaper of the Austrian Government (in German).
 


 


Arts & Culture
great web site AEIOU
The Austrian Cultural Information System, included an Encyclopedia of Austria.
AEIOU * Österreich-Online
Links to internet resources of Austrian Art and Culture. (in German)
culture reference Ars Electronica Center
Austria's museum of the future.
Bregenzer Festspiele
The Bregenz Festival, the opera on the Floating Stage at Lake of Constance.
royal Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Eternal Beauty
One of the most beautiful women of her time, after her sudden death transfigured into a myth: Empress Elisabeth of Austria, affectionately called Sissi.
Kunsthalle Wien
Contemporary art.
Österreichische Bundesmuseen
Links to Austrians State Museums.
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
The Austrian National Library.
Salzburger Festspiele
The 2004 Salzburg Festival.
Sammlung Essl
Collection of contemporary Austrian art.
royal Schloß Schönbrunn
The residence of the Habsburg emperors, from the 18th century until 1918.
Swarovski Crystal Worlds
The Crystal Worlds of Swarovski, designed by André Heller.
Wiener Philharmoniker
The philharmonic orchestra.
Wiener Symphoniker
The Vienna Symphony Orchestra
Wiener Secession
The Association of Visual Artists "Wiener Secession", founded in 1897.
Wiener Staatsoper
The Vienna State Opera. (in German)
 


Books about AustriaBooks about modern art in Austria
Modern Art in Austria


SchoenbrunnPalace Schönbrunn - Vienna © austrianviews.at


Business & Economy
OeNB: Die Oesterreichische Nationalbank
The Austrian Central Bank.
Wiener Börse
Vienna Stock Exchange.

Austrian Business Agency
A government-operated consulting firm.
austriantrade.org
Austrian Federal Economic Chamber.
wko.at das - Portal der Wirtschaftskammern
The Austrian Chambers of Commerce.

Transportation
Airlines
Austrian Airlines
Lauda Air
Tyrolean Airways
 
Railroad
ÖBB
Östereichische Bundesbahn.


 

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The cheapest way to ride the rails


Destination Austria - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Austria: hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, the alps, biking, skiing, climbing, tours and much more.

Austria Tourism Information
The Official Web Site of the Austrian National Tourist Office.
Austria Culture Net
Austria presented by the Austrian Cultural Institute (ACI) New York.
Austrian Views
The Austrian National Tourist Office's photo library.

Austria Cafe
The unofficial interface to Austria ;-)


new  Regions
Tourist Offices of Austria's Provinces.

Burgenland Tourist Board

A guide to the easternmost federal state of Austria.
Carinthia Information
Travel and tourism guide to Kärnten.
Lower Austrian Tourist Board
Visit Niederösterreich, a tour guide to Lower Austria.
Upper Austria Information
Oberösterreich for Tourists.
Styria Tourist Board
Travel and tourism information on Styria by the Steiermark Tourist Board.
Tyrol Tourist Office
Some say its typical Austria, Tyrol the region in the eastern Alps.
Vorarlberg Tourism
Visit the westernmost federal state of Austria, close to Bavaria.
Salzburger Land Tourism
The Alp region around the City of Salzburg.


City Guides
 update   Wien (Vienna)
Official site of the City of Vienna.
Wiener Tourismusverband
Official site of the Vienna tourism association, with comprehensive information about Vienna.
Vienna Online
Best of vienna, a Vienna portal and city guide to Vienna (in German).
Wien online - the city of Vienna's online information service
cool-places.wien
vienna is different - Insider Info.
 

Grossglockner
Heiligenblut at Grossglockner © austrianviews.at


Books about Travel in Austria


US books 


Travel Guides Austria

  

Travel Guides Austria

  

Guide de tourisme et voyages en Autriche (in French)

UK books 

Austria Travel Guides

fr books 

Guide de tourisme et voyages en Autriche

German books 

German Books: Reiseführer Österreich



 

 

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