Wiesbaden
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Wiesbaden Germany City Facts

 

 

 

A city of west-central Germany on the Rhine River west of Frankfurt. Founded as a Celtic settlement in the third century B.C., it has been a noted spa since Roman times. Wiesbaden became a free imperial city c. A.D. 1242 and passed to Prussia in 1866. Population: 272,000.

Wiesbaden (vēs''dən, vĭs') , city (1994 pop. 270,873), capital of Hesse, central Germany, on the Rhine River, at the southern foot of the Taunus Mts. The city, an industrial center and a market for Rhine wines, is one of the most famous spas of Europe. Manufactures include metal goods, concrete products, and printed materials. There are also motion picture and television studios and publishing houses. Wiesbaden was founded as a Celtic settlement in the 3d cent. B.C. In the 1st and 2d cent. A.D. it was a popular Roman spa known as Aquae Mattiacorum; there are remains of the Roman water conduits and walls. It later became a free imperial city and passed to the county (later duchy) of Nassau in 1281. In 1806 the city was made the capital of Nassau and with it passed to Prussia in 1866. After World War I, Wiesbaden was the seat (1918–29) of the Allied Rhineland Commission. Noteworthy buildings in the city include the castle (1837–41), the Kurhaus (1905–7), and the State Theater of Hesse (1892–94).

 

The telephone dialing code for: Wiesbaden, Germany

The country code is : 49

 

The local code(s) :

 611

Note: click on a word meaning below to see its connections and related words.

The noun Wiesbaden has one meaning:

Meaning #1: a city in western Germany; a spa since Roman times

Wiesbaden

Coat of Arms

Map

Wiesbaden's coat-of-arms.

Wiesbaden's coat-of-arms.

Image:Wiesbaden in Germany.png

Statistics

State:

Hesse

Regierungsbezirk:

Darmstadt

District:

Independent City

Area:

204 km²

Population:

271,351 (30. April 2004)

Population density:

1,325/km²

Elevation:

115 m

Postal code:

65183-65207 (old: 6200)

Area/distance code:

0611, 061-22, 061-27

Location:

50°5′ N 8°15′ E (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=50_5_N_8_15_E_region:DE)

Municipal code:

06414000

Car designation:

WI

UN/LOCODE:

DE WIB

Arrangement of the city:

26 districts

Address of the city administration:

6 Schlossplatz
Wiesbaden 65183

Website:

www.wiesbaden.de

Wiesbaden is a city in central Germany. It is the capital of the Bundesland of Hesse. Wiesbaden is situated on the right (north) bank of the Rhine (German: "Rhein"), near the city of Mainz (spelled "Mayence" in older English documents, but generally spelled "Mainz" in English today) on the opposite side of the river, and a short distance, about twenty miles (thirty kilometers), from Frankfurt am Main, to the east. Wiesbaden has about 270,000 inhabitants (2002).

History

Memorian for the German Hesse-Nassaus fallen at the Battle of Waterloo

Enlarge

Memorian for the German Hesse-Nassaus fallen at the Battle of Waterloo

Evidence of settlements at Wiesbaden dates back to the neolithic era.

Continuous occupancy began with the erection of a Roman fort in the year 6. The thermal springs of Wiesbaden were first mentioned in Pliny the Younger's Naturalis Historia. The Roman settlement is first mentioned by the name Aquae Mattiacorum (Latin for "Waters of the Mattiaci") in 121. This name refers to the Chattian tribe of the Mattiaci (German: "Mattiaker"), who were living in this area.

The Alamanni captured the fort c. 260. Later, in the 370s, when the Romans and Alamanni were allied, the Alamanni gained control of the Wiesbaden area and were in charge of its defense against other Germanic tribes.

During the 6th century, the Franks displaced the Alamanni. In the 8th century the Franks built a royal yard ("Königshof", "curtis regia"). Somewhere between 828 and 830, Einhard mentions "Wisabada". This was the first time that the name Wiesbaden is used.

In the 1170s the Dukes of Nassau received the area around Wiesbaden as fiefdom. They governed until in 1242 the archbishop of Mainz conquered Wiesbaden and burnt it down. Wiesbaden returned to the house of Nassau in 1270. In 1329 the house of Nassau and thereby Wiesbaden received the right of coinage from Louis the Bavarian.

Due to its participation in the uprisings of the Peasants' War Wiesbaden lost all its privileges in 1525 for over forty years. During this time, Wiesbaden built a new vineyard in 1526, became Protestant with the nomination of Wolf Denthener as first Lutheran pastor on January 1, 1543. The same day the first Latin school was opened, preparing pupils for the gymnasium in Idstein. In 1566 the privileges of the city were restored.

The oldest still existing building of the town, the Old City Hall, was built from 1609 to 1610. No older buildings are preserved due to two fires in 1547 and 1561.

In 1815 the capital of Nassau was moved to Wiesbaden, and the city became the ducal residence. Building activity started in order to give the city a magnificent look. The historical centre of Wiesbaden dates largely back to this time. In the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Nassau decided to take Austria's side. This decision led to the end of the duchy: After the Austrian defeat Nassau was annexed by Prussia and became part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau.

Wiesbaden railroad station built from 1904 till 1906
Enlarge

Wiesbaden railroad station built from 1904 till 1906

After World War II, the state of Hesse was established, and Wiesbaden became its capital.

American armed forces have been present in Wiesbaden since the war. The US Army's 1st Armor Division and 3rd Corps Support Command are both headquartered at the Wiesbaden Army Airfield, just off the autobahn toward Frankfurt.

Thermal springs and spa

Wiesbaden is famous for its thermal springs and spa. The thermal springs were first utilised by the Romans. The bathing business became important for Wiesbaden near the end of the Middle Ages. In 1370, sixteen bath houses were in operation. By 1800, there were 2,239 inhabitants and twenty-three bath houses. Among visitors to the springs were Goethe, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Richard Wagner, and Johannes Brahms. In 1900, there were 86,100 inhabitants and 126,000 visitors. In those years there were more millionaires living in Wiesbaden than in any other city in Germany.

Incorporations into Wiesbaden:


Year

Place

October 10, 1926

Biebrich (Stadt)

October 10, 1926

Schierstein

October 10, 1926

Sonnenberg

April 10, 1928

Bierstadt

April 10, 1928

Dotzheim

April 10, 1928

Erbenheim

April 10, 1928

Frauenstein

April 10, 1928

Heßloch

April 10, 1928

Igstadt

April 10, 1928

Kloppenheim

April 10, 1928

Rambach

 

Georgenborn (1939)

August 10, 1945

Mainz-Amöneburg ¹

August 10, 1945

Mainz-Kastel ¹

August 10, 1945

Mainz-Kostheim ¹

January 1, 1977

Auringen

January 1, 1977

Breckenheim

January 1, 1977

Delkenheim

January 1, 1977

Medenbach

January 1, 1977

Naurod

January 1, 1977

Nordenstadt


Historical population:


Year

Population

1521

192 (village)

1629

915

1699

730

1722

1,329

1800

2,239

1840

11,648

1870

33,339

1900

86,086

1910

109,002

June 16, 1925

102,737

June 16, 1933

159,755

May 17, 1939 ¹

191,955

September 13, 1950 ¹

220,741

June 6, 1961 ¹

253,300

May 27, 1970 ¹

250,122

June 30, 1975

251,400

June 30, 1980

273,700

June 30, 1985

267,000

May 27, 1987 ¹

251,871

June 30, 1997

267,700

January 1, 2002

271,076


Mayors of Wiesbaden

1849-1868: Heinrich Fischer

1868-1882: Wilhelm Lanz

1882-1883: Christian Schlichter

1883-1913: Dr. Carl Bernhard von Ibell

1913-1919: Dr. Karl Glässing

1919-1929: Fritz Travers

1946-1953: Hans Heinrich Redlhammer

1951-1954: Georg Kluge

1954-1960: Dr. Erich Mix

1960-1968: Georg Buch

1968-1980: Rudi Schmitt

1980-1982: Georg-Berndt Oschatz

1982-1985: Dr. Hans-Joachim Jentsch

1985-1997: Achim Exner

1997-today: Hildebrand Diehl

Twinning

Wiesbaden is twinned with:

Fondettes, France

Ghent, Belgium

Kefar Sava, Israel

Klagenfurt, Austria

Ljubljana, Slovenia

Montreux, Switzerland

Ocotal, Nicaragua

San Sebastian, Spain

Tunbridge Wells, UK

Wrocław, Poland

Sights

Wiesbaden pedestrian zone

Enlarge

Wiesbaden pedestrian zone

The Schlossplatz ("palace square") is situated in the center of the city. There are two outstanding buildings around this square: the ducal palace and the new town hall. The palace was built by Duke Wilhelm of Nassau in 1840. For the twenty-six remaining years of ducal authority it was the residence of the ruling family. Today the building serves as Landtag (parliamentary building) for the federal state of Hesse. The New Town Hall replaced the old one in 1887. (The Old Town Hall, built in 1610, is the oldest preserved building of the city and is nowadays used as a civil registry office.) Engraved in the paving in front of the town hall there are the heraldic eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, the lion of Nassau, and the lilies of Wiesbaden.

The Protestant Marktkirche ("market church") was built from 1852 to 1862 in a neo-Gothic style. Its western steeple is 92 m (302 ft.) in height, being the highest building of the city. Another building from the regency of Duke Wilhelm is the Luisenplatz, a square named for the Duke's first wife. It is surrounded by Neoclassicist buildings, and in the middle there is the Waterloo Obelisk, commemorating the Nassauers who died in the wars against Napoleon.

The monumental Kurhaus ("spa house") (now containing a casino) and the Hessian state theater are from the time of Kaiser Wilhelm II.

Apart from the palace in the center the ducal family had a huge palace on the banks of the Rhine, known as Schloss Biebrich. This baroque building was erected in the first half of the 18th century.

North of the city there is the Neroberg. From the top of this hill it is possible to get a panorama of the city. A funicular connects the city with the hill.

Coat-of-arms

Wiesbaden's coat-of-arms features fleurs-de-lys, stylized representations of the city's heraldic symbol, the lily. The blazon is: "Azure, two and one fleurs-de-lys Or".

Miscellaneous

Notable people born in Wiesbaden include American tennis star John McEnroe (who was born on a U.S. military base at Wiesbaden) and German film director Volker Schlöndorff.

Mainz, which is on the opposite side of the Rhine river, is Wiesbaden's archrival — the two cities are the capitals of their respective Bundesländer and citizens of both cities jokingly refer to those of the other one as "living on the wrong side of the river".

External links

Wiesbaden's official website (http://english.wiesbaden.de/index.php)

Unofficial website (http://www.wiesbadenonline.de/)

A live webcam to Wiesbaden (http://home.main-rheiner.de/martin.lauinger/webcam.htm)


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This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer)

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